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Dzilbilchaltún , mayan ruins

It was a city that reached its peak between 600 and 900
our era, with 20.000 inhabitants, characterized by
production of terrestrial and marine, including highlights
salt and shell tools, in addition to planting corn
main food of the Mesoamerican peoples.
Dzibilchaltún is considered one of the oldest Mayan cities and is
a good place to observe the evolution of this culture in
scientific, political and of course religion. Thus we have
8.400 The construction site has found to date (there
remember that the research continue.)

Among the attractions that we offer are Dzibilchaltún Clock
and the Temple of the Seven Dolls, which is the main structure. Consists
of a substructure square where you can contemplate the
equinoxes, where the ancient Mayans believed the sun god
with their colorful feathers sticking out through the doors.
The phenomenon archaeoastronomical equinox occurs when the door
Temple of the Seven Dolls is illuminated by sunlight and is such
mathematical perfection reached the Maya, who managed the
star light could remain in the center of the door, playing with
the shadows that are created on the west front offering a range of
light and shade that reflects the mask of God or Lord Chac rain.
As the sun rises, the images down to the end with
counterpart, this is the moment that the sun is on the horizon
of those using the building as a clock to determine the change
This phenomenon marks the path of the sun at the solstices and can be
seen in different stages of the year, as mentioned, are
spring and autumn equinoxes.
As a curiosity, the phenomenon of light and shadow passed unnoticed
to researchers for a long time, if we consider that
first archaeological research at the site were in the years
1956 to 1964 and the discovery of the "Sun Gate" was in 1982,
by archaeologist Victor Segovia. We speak of 26 years in which nobody
he had noticed.
Perhaps, dear reader, may wonder why the name of the Temple
of the Seven Dolls, well, this is because in the first
Scans are located an offering of seven dolls made of clay, as
Insurance is to be representative of the rulers or classes
Dzibilchaltún leaders.
This is strengthened with the recent discoveries made by the
INAH, as in this work can be found the name of one of
rulers, known as Uk'uw Kalomo.
Another important building is what looks like a pyramid, the first
located in the area, called Structure 36, located in Great
Plaza, which also stand the "contrails", carved stones which
is immortalized the great events of politics and society. So
we have some recounts the victory of the city into a war
ascended the throne of a new kinich ahau or ruler. Some are
considered true works of art from Mesoamerica, thanks to
magnificent in its lines, as an example is the trail 19.
One more feature is its emphasis away from Dzibilchaltún masonry
they are joined by mortar and stone wedges, and the use of vaults
system constructed with protruding stones.
The bé sac, which means white road, are roads connecting
several locations or places, in Dzibilcahaltún are at least seven. One
leads to another tourist attraction of the archaeological site: the cenote
AKA: Xlacah (Pueblo Viejo) one of the largest and deepest
found in the Yucatan.
Of it have managed to rescue several artifacts, mostly
vessels that show us a bit more about the history of the Maya people.
Recall that Dzibilchaltún was inhabited since the early years of this
amazing culture, until the conquest.
For the tourist, you can swim in the cenote. In addition, the site
find the Museo del Pueblo Maya, recently completed project, where
history is combined with the local ecology.
Another of the buildings that stand has nothing to do with
Maya, is the chapel built by the Spanish during the conquest of
Yucatan, which gives us a wonderful opportunity to contemplate
union of two civilizations that are the origin of modern Mexicans.
As we can see, the research and exploration
continue in various archaeological sites, which will give us, without
doubt that very soon we can talk about new discoveries
The region where lush enjoyed Dzibilchaltún developed
forest vegetation at the same time was very diverse habitat
animal, so the game was a very common activity among the Maya,
who took advantage of the bones to make pipes and wires, plus
use their skins for clothing, rugs and coats, to name
some applications.

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