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cholula puebla, site archeologic and city

Cholula is located 15 km west of the city of Puebla and its name comes from the Nahuatl roots "choloa" and "level" may mean "water leaking" or "place to escape."

The city is located in the central-eastern state of Puebla and is part of Valle de Cholula, at an altitude of 2.220 meters above sea level and covers an area of 51.03 square kilometers. The town is bordered on the north by the municipalities of John C.Bonilla, Cuautlancingo Coronango and south with the municipalities of San Gregorio and San Andrés Cholula Atzompa, east to the city of Puebla and west by the municipalities of San Jerónimo and Calpan Tecuanipan.

The main architectural monuments are located in this county are: The Great Pyramid of Quetzalcoatl, the Shrine of Our Lady of Remedies - a church built on a pyramid, where the Royal Chapel was built in 1540 based on drawings of the MosquitoCórdoba and has 49 domes and seven ships. Other monuments are crucial: The Convent of San Gabriel - a Franciscan foundation dating from 1540 and has a nave with Gothic figures, the Parish of San Pedro dates back to the seventeenth century, the Portal Guerrero of 44 arches and 170 meters long, the House of Culture and the University of the Americas.

The Great Pyramid
It is considered the world's largest in total volume is 62 meters high consisting of adobe bricks for the base measures approximately 400 meters base. By hand, is considered the world's largest volume. have discovered several overlapping construction and different types of architectures and styles to highlight the Olmec and Teotihuacan.

Archaeological Site
In 1931 the architect Ignacio Marquina start your exploration by tunnels, and substructures that showed the historical periods - Archaeological large building.Which reached a length of 8 km, after 25 years of excavations, the tunnels were drawn from north to south and from east to west, following the contour of the different bases, slope of the slopes and stairs.

Building A is the oldest structure that contains the Great Pyramid, was built around 200 - 400 BC, is distinguished by its fill of adobe.

Building B is characterized by the fresco decoration of their boards.

Building C, which has a volume, even at the Pyramid of the Moon at Teotihuacan, is characterized by being completely staggered by the 4 sides.

Holidays during the year are: on 1 January celebrating the new year beginning, January 6, remembering the visit of the Magi to the baby Jesus, in the month of February, Shrove Tuesday is celebrated with the ancient Huehues (which means "old men") men and boys with masks and costumes dancing troupes organized, on 21 March in the archeological zone, is presented to the public and meet pre-Hispanic dance groups dressed in white to receive the spring in Holy Week staged the three falls, visiting the seven houses and to conclude the week, listening, Gloria Mass is held in the church of San Gabriel or the Convent as she is known around the town , during the month of June is the day of the Blessed or the fair girl. In the month of September from day 1 to 8 large fair is held even though most of the time is extended until 15 September, during this period are held dances, agricultural exhibitions, industry and tourism, in the month November is reminiscent of the departed, the feast that has existed since pre-Hispanic times, and inns in the season from 16 December to 25 in the main churches in the center of town praying and singing every day innunder the sponsorship of families who keep the tradition

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